Executive Order: President John F. Kennedy and Civil Rights

On June 11, 1963, approximately four (4) months before being assassinated on November 22, 1963, President, John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 11111, which federalized the Alabama National Guard, and Guard General Henry Graham which commanded Alabama governor, the Hon. George Wallace, Democrat, to step aside from preventing US black citizens collegiate level students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from entering the University of Alabama.

The governors action was due to Tenth (10th) Amendments of so called states rights laws of white-black racial segregation in the State of Alabama, as throughout all the former slave owning Southern Confederacy states, was his symbolic attempt to keep his inauguration promise “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.”

No doubt, as Eisenhower before him in September 1957, enforcing Section 1 of the 1866 Civil Rights Act, which the Progenitor of the 14th Amendment, by which it is codified, enshrined, embedded into the US Constitution, whereby being a part of an experiential citizenship “as is enjoyed by white citizens” that includes public education as well, POTUS Kennedy issued his.

When the order was issued, General Henry Graham said to Mr. Wallace, “Sir, it is my sad duty to ask you to step aside under the orders of the President of the United States.”[2] Wallace moved, and Malone and Hood completed their registration.

Clearly, the disproportionate of black citizens homelessness is definitely a shrill and even shrieking cry for immediate Presidential intervention to ensure Section of the Act and Section 1 of the 14th Amendment, be finally enforcement and its Note of Promise be fulfilled.